The Necessity of Wireless Network In Rural Areas


Many people residing in and around urban areas that receives the granted wired Internet services. Anyway the distance covered by the wires must make the services available to rural communities but it prevents ISP from transferring these services to the rural areas. As a result an alternative to overcome these issues that tackles high price and also inconvenience in extending wires, thereby came the wireless Internet service. Here we will discuss the varied wireless options available.


Fig 1: Wireless Networks

Necessity of Wireless Networks in rural areas:

Rural parts of America are necessity of Internet by some means. Apart from giving basic internet browsing, online shopping and data collections that we enjoy, the networks can also be utilized within the farmlands. These can be beneficial to farmers for using networked system to monitor crops and animals or else there is a need of specific equipment’s from a distance, providing time and inconvenience to monitor the land or take a control of all the equipped devices manually. People residing in and around remote areas might use a network connection to receive safety information and important weather.

People living in large and urban cities take this type of networks for granted, whereas for other people it is a dream to enjoy and it is a luxury to avail high-speed reliable Internet access. Basic internet access is considered as expensive and completely slow in rural America. The process of installing large wired connections in the sparse populations is considered as unappealing and it is a difficult process in installing and maintaining long lengths. So, wireless connections are considered a potentially great path to achieve rural America’s craving for high-speed Internet.


Image result for wireless connection in rural areas

                                 Fig 2: Rural Area Wireless Connection overview

Difficulties to Overcome to install wireless networks in rural Area:

Many of the rural area locations are still without the existent of wireless access despite of having all the positive traits of wireless alternatives. This is entirely due to limitations of technology. In rural areas, residents can be ten of miles apart making it a difficulty to propagate a signal to multiple residents that is around a base station.

The reason being residents are considerably sparse in rural area side that also hinders organizations from providing quality Internet services investments. There are few potential customers in rural areas and are closely packed nearby, so these reasons are the major criteria to avoid bringing wireless networks. It is always profitable to introduce wireless connection in densely populated areas rather than rural areas.


Every approach has its own specifying factors that serve the rural communities, in which everything comes with its own advantages and disadvantages. Over the past few years, different service providers opt for different alternatives, the need for certain alternatives has increased or declined as far as a change in technology. While some alternatives are considered very old and others are in the peak of growth. There are considerably four alternatives that are used namely, Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity), WiMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access)-like services, satellites, and balloons. The wireless technologies used or currently under development are 802.22, distributed systems and Laser Link. They will include some of the advantages and disadvantages of every other alternative used in the past, present and future. In this Wi-Fi is the oldest primary technology.